- A -
Apple CoreStorage/FileVault/Fusion Drive Volumes
- B -
Bad Sectors settings
Set default read retries count for all drives
Binary (byte to byte copy)
Broken File Name
Rename and change all invalid symbols to:
Broken File Name options
Create virtual volume sets or RAIDs
- C -
Connect to R-Studio settings
Allow connection from any address
Allow connection from the host
Connecting to DeepSpar Disk Imager™ manually
Contact information and technical support
Create Virtual Block RAID & Autodetect
Creating and saving your own RAID configuration
Creating Startup Disks for Mac and Linux Computers
- D -
Data Copy in Text/hexadecimal editor
Data Recovery on HFS/HFS+ File System
Connect to the remote computer
Description Files for RAID Configuration
Devices to Store Recovered Files
Edit Block RAID Layout Presets
Please configure R-Studio Agent for Mac
Please configure R-Studio Agent for Windows
R-Studio Agent for Linux Configuration
There is not enough space on the disk
- E -
Find Template Signature Previous
Exclusive Region options
- F -
Fast Search for Lost Partitions
File Already Exists
File Information (R-Studio Technician/T80+)
File mask options
File Systems settings
Default encoding for Ext2/Ext3/Ext4/UFS volumes
Default encoding for HFS volumes
File Type Signature Specification
Find/mark objects only in real paths, ignore links to folders
Finding Previous File Versions
Forensic Data Collection Audit Log
- H -
- I -
Byte to byte image to a physical disk
Compressed image (R-Drive Image compatible)
VMDK (VmWare Virtual Machine Disk)
- K -
Known File Types settings
- L -
Maximum messages in the Event Log
- M -
Reset all hidden notifications
Double-click a logical disk...
Mounting Virtual Objects in the System
- N -
Nested and Non-Standard RAID Levels
- O -
Opening several disks/partitions in one tab
- P -
- Q -
- R -
Condense successful restoration events:
Do not recover duplicate files from Extra Found Files
Open local folder (folders) when done
Recover alternative data streams:
Recover real folders structure
Recovered only masked marked files
Contact information and technical support
Installing R-Studio Agent Emergency Startup Media Creator
Starting a Computer with the R-Studio Agent Emergency Startup Disk
R-Studio Agent for Mac main panel
R-Studio Agent for Windows main panel
Contact Informaiton and Technical Support
Installing R-Studio Emergency Startup Media Creator
Properties and Text/Hexadecimal Viewer
Starting a Computer with the R-Studio Emergency Startup Disks
R-Studio Emergency Startup Media Creator
- S -
Find Previous Versions of the File
Find Template Signature Previous
Remove All Scanned Information
Smart drive copy
Copy all partitions onto original places
Expand/Shrink partition to whole drive
Smart partition copy
Startup Media Troubleshooting Options
Automatic recovery without symlink object path conversion
Don't show symbolic links by default (Technician/T80+ version)
Show symbolic links as links to their targets, without target content
Syntaxis of a Description File for RAID Configurations
- T -
Technical Information and Troubleshooting
- U -
- V -
Volume Sets, Stripe Sets, and Mirrors
- W -
Working with RAID 6 Presets
Multi-pass imaging is a process of image creation through several passes (phases). Each phase reads data from different areas of a hard drive, starting from areas with good sectors then going to slow sector areas and finishes with bad sector areas. This approach maximizes the amount of data that can be recovered from a failing drive and reduces it chances to fail during this process.
Phase 1. Copying most good data from the drive
In this phase, R‑Studio reads data from drive by sector blocks, or groups of consecutive drive sectors read in one go. The phase is performed in several steps.
Step 1. R‑Studio reads data from the drive until it runs into a block with bad or slow sector(s). Then it drops that block and jumps to another area until it finds a block with no bad or slow sectors. Then it continues reading data until it runs into another bad or slow block, and the process repeats. When this step is finished, most good data from the hard drive has been read, and R‑Studio has detected the front blocks (edges) of bad and slow sector areas.
Step 2. R‑Studio finds the rear edges of bad sector areas. It reads the skipped area from its rear end backwards until it runs into a block with a bad sector. Then R‑Studio jumps to another bad sector area and the process is going on until all bad sector areas have been processed. When this step is finished, some good data from the hard drive has been read, and R‑Studio has detected the rear edges of bad sector areas.
Step 3. R‑Studio reads data from slow sector areas. It does that much the same way as for bad sector areas. When this step is finished, good data from slow sectors on the hard drive has been read, and R‑Studio has detected the rear edges of slow sector areas.
Step 4. R‑Studio finds the rear edges of bad sector areas in slow sector areas. When this step is finished, some new good data from slow sectors on the hard drive has been read, and R‑Studio has detected the rear edges of all bad sectors within slow sector areas.
Step 5. R‑Studio tries to read all skipped sector blocks. This is done without skipping bad sector blocks and checking read speed against minimum I/O rate.
When Phase 1 is completed, R‑Studio has read most of readable data and detected front and rear edges of all bad sector areas.
R‑Studio tries to read the rest of data in the next phases, and does that sector by sector (rather than blocks).
Phase 2. Trimming
R‑Studio detects the front and rear sectors of bad sector areas. When this step is finished, some new good data from bad sector areas has been read, and R‑Studio has detected the front and rear sectors of all bad sector areas.
Phase 3. Scraping
R‑Studio tries to read data from bad sector areas sector by sector.
Phase 4. Retrying (mostly optional)
R‑Studio tries to read data from bad sectors through several attempts.
You may read more about this process in our article Multi-pass imaging in R-Studio
To create an image through multi-pass imaging,
|1||Select an object in the R‑Studio 's Drives panel and click the Create Image button|
• Select the object and select Create Image on the Drive menu
• Right-click the selected object and select Create Image File on the shortcut menu
|2||Specify image options, a file name, and destination for the image on the Create Image dialog box and click the OK button|
Bad sectors processing options
Specifies the name and path for the image file
Compressed image (R-Drive Image compatible): If this option is selected, R‑Studio will create an image file which can be compressed, split into several parts, and password-protected. This image file is fully compatible with the images created by R-Drive Image , but incompatible with the previous versions of R‑Studio .
Byte by byte image: If this option is selected, R‑Studio will create a simple exact copy of the object.
VMDK (ViMware Virtual Machine Disk) image: If this option is selected, R‑Studio will create an image of the VMware virtual disk type. Available in the Corporate, Technician, and T80+ license.
A file with the sector map of the object to image. Optional for the RDI image type, mandatory for the byte-by-byte and VMDK image types.
Enable multi-pass image creation
Turns multi-pass imaging on and off.
Data to process
All data : All data on the disk will be imaged.
Existing files only (FS bitmap) : Only the disk's area where existing files reside will be imaged.
Unused clusters only : Only the disk's free space will be imaged.
You may image the existing files first and then unused clusters.
Perform reading in reverse order if possible
Switches the direction of all phases/steps to reverse.
Minimum skip size
Minimum size of drive area to skip when a bad sector is encountered.
Maximum skip size
Maximum size of drive area to skip when a bad sector is encountered.
Number of retries (Retrying phase)
The number of read attempts in the Retrying phase.
Disable imaging phases
Multi-imaging phases that can be skipped.
|>||R‑Studio will start creating the image, the Progress message showing the progress.|